INOVASI PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR KELAPA SAWIT (POME) NET-ZERO EMISSION MENJADI LISTRIK SEBAGAI SUMBER ENERGI BARU TERBARUKAN (EBT)

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Qonita Qurrotu'aini Jaenab Athiah Al'afifah

Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is the largest amount in palm oil processing, reach 55-67%, contains high BOD and COD which will pollute the environment if directly discharged into the waters. Besides, National Energy Policy of Indonesia has targeted the use of renewable energy by 23% in 2025. The high organic contents in POME can be anaerobic fermented to produce CH­4­, converted to H2, and produce electricity to fulfill the renewable energy needed. Converting POME into electricity is done using an anaerobic digester (AD), steam methane reforming (SMR), and hydrogen fuel cell (HFC). This series process releases net-zero emission because the gasses produced in AD and SMR is being inputed to the following reactor. The type of this research is written idea, done by literature study, analyzed, and integrated data following by estimated the electrical energy obtained from the series. This study aims 1) to design operation unit series for POME conversion that produces net-zero GHG emissions with high efficiency; and 2) to optimize generating electrical power from the POME input in the system. A key role in this technology innovation is SMR for CH4 conversion and HFC for H2 conversion into electricity. This idea-research has the conclude as follow: 1) supports Indonesia to produce renewable energy with net-zero emissions to the environment, and 2) (assuming an average mill capacity 60 tons of FFB to produce 60 m3 POME) the electricity theoretically generated by 1.67 GW.

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